One of the biggest factor influencing students to choose a county for their higher studies is the work options they get there. It is preferable for them to be able to work on part time basis while they are studying, not only to gain some experience, but also because the extra income they get from these jobs helps them to settle in well without any problems on the financial front.
Germany, being one of the most advanced countries in the world, offers not only some world class education, but it also gives students the opportunity to support themselves in being independent. But there are certain laws and obligations that must be fulfilled by the students in order to be able to work in Germany. These laws have been set to suit not only the students, but the employers and the country also.
The laws are as follows:
International students are allowed to work 120 full days or 240 half days in a year. But this figure varies from regions of high employment rate to low employment rate. If a student is at a university with high unemployment rate or a place that may require high manpower, he or she may be allowed to work more than 120 full days or 240 half days.
As per university standards, a student is not allowed to work more than 20 hours per week. But they can work full time during holidays and vacations.
International students are required to get a work permit from Federal Employment Agency and residency permit in order to work in Germany. These documents will set certain working conditions for the students which should be followed by them thoroughly.
If in case the student is enrolled in any language or preparatory course, he or she is only allowed to work during the free periods of lectures and with due permission from authorities.
Students earning less than 450 Euros per month are not subjected to taxation. Also students working less than 50 continuous days in one year are exempted from it.
Working for more than 20 hours per week will make the student liable to pay health insurance, unemployment as well as nursing care insurance.
It is important for students to follow the rules and laws. Breaching these standards in any way may not only lead to suspension of work permit, but may also force the authorities to deport the student. So it is important that the student follows the rules and regulations that have been previously set.
One good option for the students is to work with the university. The wages are not only far better, but the students can work for longer hours. However, securing a job with the universities is not easy.
How Much Can You Expect To Be Paid:
Normally a student earns between 5 to 15 Euros per hour and up to 450 Euros per month. One can expect to earn more in big cities, but the cost of living in those cities is quite high.
Part time job is a good source of earning extra income and supporting small needs, however, a student shouldn’t entirely be dependent on his or her part time job to pay for education and other major expenses. One should remember that a part time job is a good way of earning pocket money and pay for daily small expenses only.
If you are a student planning to study abroad, you are likely to sit for some exams. These can be called entrance exams or qualifying exams that give you the leverage of being selected by university of your dreams.
Every year, more than 3 lakh students from India go to a foreign destination for their higher education. Along with the hassle of visa and immigration, you must be prepared for at least one, or sometimes two of the following exams in order to ease your process of studying abroad.
GMAT- Graduate Management Assessment Test
About GMAT- This exam has been specifically designed to assess and predict how a test taker is likely to perform academically is business schools and MBA Programmes.
Why is it required- To get admissions into various graduate Business Programmes such as MBA
GMAT test format- GMAT exam lasts for approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes and consists of 4 sections- Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative and Verbal.
Validity of scores- All GMAT scores are valid up to 5 years
Availability- The exams are held on demand and throughout the year
Centres- GMAT exam is available throughout 29 cities in India
Fee- The exam fee is approximately INR 16,500 ($250) and is variable to the changing value of USD to INR
Other Info- The test can be taken up to 5 times in one year with a gap of at least 16 days between two consecutive tests.
GRE- Graduate Record Exam
About GRE – This exam has been designed to assess skills that a student may have acquired over a period of time that are not based on any specific fields of study.
Why is it required – To get admissions into graduate programmes, Master’s degrees, post graduation, MBA, doctorate degree etc. in generally USA and Canada.
GRE test format – GRE exam lasts for about 3 hours 40 minutes and consists of 5 sections- One Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), two Verbal sections, one Quantitative section and one Experimental section which can either be based on Verbal or Quant. The sequence of the pattern is not se and these 5 sections may occur in any order.
Validity of scores – GRE scores are valid up to 5 years from the date of the examination
Availability – Exam dates for GRE are not specific and a student may take the exam any time of the year after taking an appointment with their nearest GRE centre.
Centres – GRE is available in over 160 countries with more than 1000 test centres around the world.
Fee – The exam fee is approximately INR 13,000 ($195) and varies on the changing value of USD to INR
Other Info – The test can be taken up to 5 times in one year with a gap of at least 21 days within two consecutive test dates.
SAT- Scholastic Assessment Test
About SAT- SAT has been designed to assess a student’s readiness for undergraduate programmes by testing their mathematical, reading and writing skills.
Why is it required- SAT is an entrance exam in most colleges and universities in USA and Canada and is used for admissions in undergraduate programmes
SAT test format- The test lasts for about 3 hours and 45 minutes and consists of 3 major sections- Critical Reading, Mathematics and Writing and each section is divided into 3 parts.
Validity of scores- All scores are valid for 5 years
Availability- SAT is conducted a few times around the year in India, especially between October and December.
Centres- SAT is available across 10 cities in India currently.
Fee- The current exam fees is INR 3500
Other Info- The test can be taken as many times as a student wants, however some schools judge students on the basis of their scores in all attempts.
TOEFL- Test of English as a Foreign Language
About TOEFL- It is a test required by a lot of universities to test the English proficiency of students coming from a country where English is not a native language
Why is it required- Most US and Canadian universities require a TOEFL score and a few immigration departments also require this score for issuing residential and work visa.
TOEFL test format- TOEFL test lasts between 3 to 4 hours and consists of 4 sections- Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.
Validity of scores- TOEFL scores are valid for 2 years
Availability- The tests are held throughout the year.
Centres- TOEFL can be given through 35 cities in India and are conducted by ETS.
Fee- The current fee for the test is INR 11,500 ($170) and may depend on the variation of USD to INR value
Other Info- Not all universities require TOEFL scores and students must carefully review their university requirements before taking the test
IELTS- International English Language Testing System
About IELTS- It is a standardised English Proficiency test managed my British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment.
Why is it required- Most universities in the countries such as European countries, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, USA etc accept IELTS scores. Apart from this, most countries require General IELTS score for immigration and work visas
IELTS Test Format- The test lasts for about 3 hours and consists of 4 sections- Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking
Validity of scores- IELTS scores are valid for 2 years
Availability- The IELTS tests are held 4 times in a month, throughout the year
Centres- The British Council offers around 42 centres across India and IDP offers around 40 centres in India for the tests
Fee- IELTS test fee is INR 11,100 until 30th September 2016
Other Info- Students receive IELTS practice book within 10 days of their registration and results are out after 13 days from the date of the test
PTE- Pearson Test of English
About PTE- The test was designed to assess the English proficiency and readiness of a non-native English speaker.
Why it is required- This test measures the level of English of students who come from a non-native English speaking background to assess how ready they are to participate in programmes in English language.
PTE test format- The test lasts for about 2 hours 55 minutes and consists of 4 sections- Speaking, Writing, Reading and Listening.
Availability- The tests are held throughout the year
Centres- Currently 16 cities in India provide the test centres for PTE
Fee- The current fee is INR 10,900.
Other Info- Students normally receive their results in 2 days after the test.
Know more about the exams and coaching classes, log on to www.vdiec.com
USA is one of the top choices for students wishing to study abroad. Figures show that around 16% of the students, who study abroad, opt for USA and the country receives over 750,000 foreign students per year.
The education system in US is quite similar to those around the world. Primary education is called elementary school and secondary education is known as middle and high school in the US. It is then followed by tertiary education which is optional and is also known as post-secondary education there. The post-secondary education in the US consists mainly of non-degrees that are associated with certificates and diplomas, bachelors, masters, research doctorate degrees etc.
USA has a diversified range of institutes that offer education and degrees to all local and international students. The main institutes are as follows:
Community Colleges- These colleges offer some certificates and vocational degrees along with some associate’s degrees.
Vocational Schools- These only focus on some vocational skills such as dental hygiene, civil engineering, culinary and other vocations that may not necessarily require a degree, nut require training.
Colleges and Universities- There is not much difference between colleges and universities in the US. Colleges have a set range of degrees that they offer while universities are a collection of colleges. They can offer anything from associate’s degree to doctorate degree.
Graduate Schools- Graduate schools are basically postgraduate colleges in other countries. They are usually associated with universities that also offer bachelor’s degree. They offer Master’s and Doctorate level degrees and certificates.
Seminaries- These are religious education schools. They are used to train an teach ministers and other clergy members about a range of topics related to the religion they are serving under.
Even though the education in the US is on the expensive end, there are a lot of financial aids that are available to international students.
For free counselling on Studying Abroad and more info on Study in USA, call on 1800-274-2041. You can also visit the website www.VDIEC.com for more details.