IELTS-International English Language Testing System is the world’s most popular and most attempted English language test. This language test checks the English Language proficiency of students and is required to study, migrate or work in overseas education destinations. More than two million IELTS tests are taken each year as per a recent survey conducted by the British Council. Accepted in 135 countries and thousands of organizations, universities worldwide, the IELTS test is fair and unbiased for any candidate. It has a brilliant international reputation among profound universities, schools, employers and etc. IELTS is the only English language test accepted for immigration purposes by all countries that require one.
The IELTS test is conducted in 2 formats; Academic IELTS and General IELTS. Both these formats consist of 4 components: Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. The maximum duration of the test is 3 hours. The distinction between IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training lies in the subject matter of the Reading and Writing components.
IELTS Academic is for people planning to study in higher education or seeking professional registration. It assesses whether you are ready to begin studying or training in an environment where English is the first language.
IELTS General is taken by the people who are planning to settle abroad or migrate to New Zealand, UK, Canada, or Australia. This form of IELTS is to check and assess the basic understanding of English as a foreign language.
IELTS Exam Syllabus
The IELTS test evaluates aptitude in four skills – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. The total test time is 2 hours and 45 minutes. All test takers take the same Listening and Speaking tests, but different Reading and Writing tests.
The Listening, Reading and Writing must be completed on the same day, with no breaks in between them. The Speaking test will either be after a break on the same day as the other three tests, or up to a week before or after the other tests.
Listening: 30 minutes
You will listen to recorded texts which are divided into four sections, monologues and conversations by a range of native speakers, and then you have to write your answers to a series of questions. Total number of questions is 40 and they are of 1 mark each.
- Skill to comprehend main ideas and detailed factual information
- Ability to recognize the opinions and attitudes of speakers
- Ability to understand the purpose of an expression
- Aptitude to follow the development of ideas
Reading: 60 minutes
The Reading section for the IELTS test consists of 40 questions. These questions include reading the gist, comprehending the main ideas, reading for detail, skimming and scanning the text, understanding logical argument to find out the probable answers and recognizing the writers’ opinions, attributes towards a topic, attitudes and rationale.
- Ability to establish main ideas
- Attention to detail
- Skill to understand logical argument
- Ability to recognize the writers’ opinions, purpose, and attitude
The Academic IELTS includes three long passages that ranges from the evocative and factual to the discursive and logical form of English. The passages are authentic which are taken from journals, case studies, magazines, books and newspapers. Ideally these have been chosen for a non-specialist audience but are fitting for people opting for university courses or seeking professional registration.
The General IELTS has a variety of questions used to judge the skill set of a candidate. The General Training version of reading extracts are also taken from books, newspapers, magazines, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines.
Writing: 60 minutes
The Writing segment of IELTS has two tasks each for Academic and General IELTS.
- Attention to detail, content and accuracy
- Coherence and Cohesion
- Lexical Resource
- Grammatical range and accuracy
IELTS Academic includes two written tasks for 1 hour. Topics are of general interest to make it comfortable for a candidate and are suitable for test takers to enter at an undergraduate and postgraduate studies or any professional registration.
Task 1: You will be given a pictorial diagram or a graph, table, chart or diagram, pie chart, life cycle and are asked to elaborate, summarize or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to portray and clarify data, depict the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
Task 2: You will be asked to write an elaborate essay for 250 words, in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.
IELTS General consists of two written tasks – Task 1 and Task 2 which are based on topics of general interest.
Task 1: You will be given a general with a situation where in you will be asked to write a letter requesting information, or elaborating the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
Task 2: Here you will be asked to write an essay of 250 words in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be somewhat personal, formal in style than the Academic Writing Task 2 essay.
Speaking: 11–14 minutes
The Speaking module assesses your use of spoke English, vocabulary; has 3 parts and takes between 11 and 14 minutes to complete. Every speaking test is recorded. The Speaking section is presented in such a way that it does not permit people to practice set responses beforehand.
- Fluency and coherence
- Lexical resource
- Grammatical range and accuracy
The assessor will ask you some general questions about yourself and many other familiar topics about your family, qualification, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between 4 and 5 minutes.
In this part you will be given a cue card which asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have 1 minute to prepare before speaking for 2 minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic to finish this part of the test.
You will be asked further questions connected to the topic in Part 2. These questions will give you the opportunity to discuss more nonfigurative ideas and issues. This part of the test lasts between 4 and 5 minutes.
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